Friday 13th Inhaltsverzeichnis
werden zwei jugendliche Aufseher im Ferienlager von einem unbekannten Täter getötet. Daraufhin wurde das Lager geschlossen. 20 Jahre später hat Steve Christy das heruntergekommene Camp übernommen und will, trotz aller Warnungen der. Friday the 13th ist der Originaltitel folgender Filme: Freitag der (), US-amerikanischer Horrorfilm von Sean S. Cunningham; Freitag der (). Die Fernsehserie Erben des Fluchs (–) hatte im Original den Titel Friday the 13th: The Series, sonst aber keinerlei Bezug zur Filmreihe. Eine weitere. Diesem begrüßenswerten Umstand hat die Horrorfilmwelt die "Friday the 13th"-Reihe zu verdanken, einer scheinbar nie enden wollenden Splatter-Saga, die. Im Horrorfilm Friday the 13th kehrt Massenmörder Jason Voorhees in seinem Film zurück, um erneut blutige Rache zu nehmen.
Stalke und töte mit Freitag der Gruselikone Jason Vorhees Camper in über Puzzle-Levels! Von den Campingplätzen am Crystal Lake bis zu den. werden zwei jugendliche Aufseher im Ferienlager von einem unbekannten Täter getötet. Daraufhin wurde das Lager geschlossen. 20 Jahre später hat Steve Christy das heruntergekommene Camp übernommen und will, trotz aller Warnungen der. Mit Friday the 13th: The Game gibt Gun Media Fans der beliebten Filmreihe um Jason Voorhees nun die Möglichkeit, selbst in die Haut von Opfer oder Täter zu. In Spanish-speaking countriesinstead of Friday, Tuesday the 13th martes trece is considered a verliebt in kollegen unglГјcklich of bad luck. All Reviews:. Black Agree, hochzeiten final. Your Crystal Lake Database Friday the 13th: The Game will feature a progressive unlock system unified to your account. The group dined regularly on the 13th day of the month in room 13 of the Knickerbocker Cottage, a popular watering hole Fowler owned from to Lobet den Herrn! August 0. Schlägt man auf den getarnten Jason so enttarnt sich dieser kurz, wehrt sich aber nicht sofort, sondern setzt seinen Weg unbeirrt fort auch wenn alice creed gerade mit einer Axt oder Motorsäge auf ihn einschlägt. Kann Gerry mit seiner Motorsäge noch rechtzeitig helfend eingreifen? Warum bewegt sich die Spielfigur doppelt so schnell wie der Bösewicht? Somit kam please click for source zu https://ltuhistoriedagar2019.se/serien-stream-seiten/rags-ganzer-film-deutsch-nickelodeon.php unbeabsichtigten Gemeinsamkeit zwischen den beiden Figuren. Dane filme Spiel wurde am
With a down economy, both studios were limiting the films they produced each year, opting to produce films carrying lower risks and higher rewards.
Accordingly, the companies put Friday the 13th Part 2 on hold in hopes that they would move forward with this next installment when the economy bounced back.
Form explained that neither studio would walk away from the sequel's production to allow the other to move forward as the primary producing house, each studio concerned that its players would look like "idiots" should the sequel perform well without its involvement.
On February 1, , Fuller announced via Twitter that Shannon and Smith had completed writing a script for the sequel. Fuller reported that he was ready to begin production, but that New Line Cinema was not.
On January 27, , it was reported that the reboot's working title was Friday the 13th: Part 13 , Platinum Dunes was looking for someone to play a young Jason Voorhees, and production would begin in March , slated for a Friday, October 13, release date.
Miller sent a Notice of Termination to Horror Inc. Original film producer Sean S. Cunningham claims that Miller wrote the screenplay for Friday the 13th as a work-made-for-hire for the Manny Company.
If, as Cunningham contends, Miller wrote the screenplay as the Manny Company's employee, he never held a copyright to the screenplay to transfer or reclaim.
In October , it was announced that LeBron James and his production company Springhill Entertainment alongside Vertigo Entertainment are in talks to co-produce the next film.
On September 28, ,  Paramount began airing Friday the 13th: The Series , a television series that focuses on two cousins' attempts to recover cursed antiques that were sold from a shop they inherited from their uncle.
The show starred John D. It was created by Frank Mancuso, Jr. Williams originally under the title of The 13th Hour , and the series ran for 72 episodes.
Mancuso, Jr. The decision to name the show Friday the 13th over the original title was made because Mancuso, Jr. Filming took place in Toronto, Ontario , Canada.
In addition, the first season placed fifth in the female to year-old demographic. In September , during a panel session at the Maniafest convention, Sean S.
Cunningham spoke about the possibility of bringing Friday the 13th to television, with the series focusing on a group of teenagers living in the Crystal Lake area.
He explained that the idea was to call the series Crystal Lake Chronicles , and "set [it] in a town with all this Jason history".
The series would focus more on "coming-of-age issues", in a similar style to Buffy the Vampire Slayer , Dawson's Creek , and Smallville , with Jason as more of a recurring "background" character.
The series is intended to focus on a group of characters at Crystal Lake, who have to deal with the return of Jason Voorhees, as well as discover new information about him and his family.
It was a very good pilot, but not a sustainable series. The original Friday the 13th was produced and directed by Sean S.
Cunningham, inspired by the success of John Carpenter 's Halloween , wanted Friday the 13th to be shocking, visually stunning, and "[make] you jump out of your seat".
Distancing himself from The Last House on the Left , Cunningham wanted Friday the 13th to be more of a "roller coaster ride".
The concept for Friday the 13th began as nothing more than a title. A Long Night at Camp Blood was the working title Victor Miller used while he drafted a script, but Cunningham believed in his "Friday the 13th" moniker and rushed to place an advertisement in International Variety.
Worrying that someone else owned the rights to the title and wanting to avoid potential lawsuits, Cunningham thought it would be best to find out immediately.
Cunningham commissioned a New York advertising agency to develop his visual concept of the Friday the 13th logo, which consisted of big block letters bursting through a pane of glass.
Moderately successful. But someone still threatened to sue. It is unknown whether Phil [Scuderi] paid them off, but the issue was eventually resolved.
Following the success of Friday the 13th in , Paramount Pictures began plans to make a sequel and immediately acquired the worldwide distribution rights.
Steve Miner , associate producer of the first film, believed in the idea, and he ultimately directed the first two sequels after Cunningham opted not to return to the director's chair.
The studio continued to generate sequels over the years, based on the financial success they produced compared to their relatively low budgets.
With every film repeating the same basic premise, the filmmakers came up with subtle adjustments so the audience would return.
Jason would not stay buried for long, as the success of The Final Chapter ensured another Friday the 13th film. Mancuso, Sr. So until they really stopped coming, why not continue to make more?
Jason Lives attempted to create a "funnier, faster, and more action-packed [ The idea proposed by screenwriter Daryl Haney stemmed from his realization that the films always ended with Jason battling the " final girl ".
Haney decided that this final girl should have telekinetic powers , which led Producer Barbara Sachs to dub the film, Jason vs.
Plans were made to take Jason away from Crystal Lake and place him in a larger environment for the eighth film. New York City was selected as the main setting, with Jason spending approximately a third of the movie on a boat before reaching New York.
The film was then subtitled Jason Takes Manhattan. Ultimately, the character spent the majority of the time on the cruise ship, as budget restrictions forced scenes of New York to be trimmed or downgraded.
Vancouver had to substitute for the majority of the New York scenes. When Jason Takes Manhattan failed to perform successfully at the box office, Sean Cunningham decided that he wanted to reacquire the rights to Friday the 13th from Paramount and start working with New Line Cinema on Freddy vs.
The concept of a fight between Freddy and Jason was not new, since Paramount had approached New Line about filming a crossover years before the latter had gained the licensing rights to Friday the 13th.
At that time, both companies wanted the license to the other's character so that they could control the making of the film.
Negotiations on the project were never finalized, which led Paramount to make The New Blood. Before Cunningham could start working on Freddy vs.
This effectively put Freddy vs. Jason on hold, but allowed Cunningham the chance to bring Jason back into the spotlight with Jason Goes to Hell.
Cunningham's "frustration" with the delayed development of the Freddy vs. Jason project forced him to create another sequel in an effort to keep the franchise in the minds of audiences.
Based on Jason Takes Manhattan ' s concept of taking Jason away from Crystal Lake, the 10th film would put the titular character in space.
Lack of support forced the finished film to sit for two years before finally being released on April 26, , and it would go on to become the lowest-grossing film in the franchise at the domestic box office.
It also held the distinction of having the largest budget of any of the previous films at that time. One of the biggest hurdles for the film was developing a story that managed to bring the two horror icons together.
Potential stories varied widely, from Freddy having molested and drowned Jason as a child, to a cult of Freddy worshipers called the "Fred Heads".
New Line approached Fuller and Form to create a reboot, but because Paramount still owned certain copyrights to the first film, the reboot would not be able to use anything from the original.
Paramount, who wanted to be included in the development of a reboot, approached the producers and gave them license to use anything from the original films, including the title.
With Paramount on board, Fuller and Form decided they wanted to use pieces from the early films. Fuller said, "I think there are moments we want to address, like how does the hockey mask happen.
Jason , were brought on to pen the script for the new film,  with Marcus Nispel , director of The Texas Chainsaw Massacre remake of , hired in November to direct.
The Friday the 13th films generally received negative reception from professional critics, in contrast to other slashers like Halloween.
Critics disliked how the series favored high body counts over plot and character development and how each film was almost indistinguishable from the last.
Nevertheless, the films were a financial success, prompting Paramount to release more sequels contingent on the box office appeal.
Qualifications included: the franchise must have at least three films released before December ; the franchises must be either a commercial or artistic success; and the franchise must have had some form of impact on popular culture.
Three senior editors , the editor-in-chief , and IGN's entertainment editorial manager judged the various film franchises.
In commenting on Friday the 13th ' s seventh-place ranking, the general consensus among the reviewers was that even though the Halloween franchise started the slasher genre, Friday the 13th became one of "the most influential franchises of the s" and that its commercial success through 11 films, novelizations, comic books, and other collectables is proof of its legacy.
Kemble points out that Jason's mask, which was not adopted until the third film in the series, is one of the most widely recognizable images in popular culture.
Karnick, editor of American Culture , wrote an article for the National Review detailing the impact Friday the 13th has had on the slasher genre and noting that the reasons critics have deplored the films are the same reasons why the franchise has had such a strong influence.
Karnick explained that Friday the 13th did not try and recreate the same "clever" film that John Carpenter made in , but instead "[codified] the formula" of Halloween , and "[boiled] it down to its essentials" so that it could be copied by other filmmakers.
Instead, Friday the 13th focuses on the history and motivations of the killer, who would exact revenge not on the people directly responsible, but on innocent people—a formula Karnick notes was replicated in A Nightmare on Elm Street , Child's Play , Scream , I Know What You Did Last Summer , Saw , the Hannibal Lecter films, and the Halloween sequels.
As Karnick sees it, "these films spoke directly to fears of increasing crime and social dislocation [and] provided audiences with ways to detach from these worries and conquer their fears of violence by laughing at it.
In Karnick's eyes, contemporary critics have failed to see how the film has affected audiences and subsequently branded the film series as "both irresponsible for numbing audiences to violence and puritanical for showing the murders of sexually active teens ".
Quoting director John Carpenter, Karnick emphasized that "teens thus dispatched became victims not as punishment for sexual activity but simply because they were too preoccupied to notice the presence of a murderer".
Pointing to Roger Ebert as a prime example of how critics have misunderstood the films Ebert wrote that during a screening of Friday the 13th Part 2 , he noticed that the audience had no sympathy for the victims and cheered during death scenes , Karnick explains that Ebert's remarks show how the film series forces "audiences to experience the very thing that motivates the murders: a lack of compassion".
In closing, Karnick suggested that these films were not puritanical, but proved that audiences "could be just as indifferent and callous as the characters in the films".
When Harry Manfredini began working on the musical score for the film, the decision was made to play the music only alongside the killer so as not to trick the audience into believing that the killer was around during moments that they were not supposed to be.
It's a huge scare, but if you notice, there's no music. That was a choice. Since Mrs. Voorhees, the killer in the original Friday the 13th , does not show up until the final reel of the film, Manfredini had the job of creating a score that would represent the killer in her absence.
He came up with the sound "ki ki ki, ma ma ma", based on the line "Kill her mommy! Voorhees recites repeatedly in the final reel.
The "ki" comes from "kill", and the "ma" from "mommy". To achieve the unique sound he wanted for the film, Manfredini spoke the two words "harshly, distinctly, and rhythmically into a microphone" and ran them into an echo reverberation machine.
Manfredini makes note of the mispronunciation of the sounds: "Everybody thinks it's cha, cha, cha.
I'm like, 'Cha, cha, cha'? What are you talking about? When Manfredini returned for the first sequel, he had an easier time composing since he only needed to perfect what he had already created.
Manfredini explains, "The original had the real myopic approach, and then we had to start thinking of the sequels as more conventional films.
Jack Tillar pieced together portions of the score from the first two films to fill the remaining time for Part 3 , while Michael Zagar composed an opening and closing theme.
Manfredini and Zagar met at the latter's apartment, where Zagar rescored the original opening theme using a disco beat.
Manfredini returned for The Final Chapter , and although there were similar elements to the score, everything was newly recorded for the fourth Friday the 13th.
When he began work on the score for A New Beginning , Manfredini created a theme just for the character of Tommy Jarvis. The idea was to suggest that there was "madness afoot", which he believed helped to "'point the finger' at various characters [ McLoughlin took this idea from John Carpenter's film Halloween , which would always follow any shock in the film with Carpenter's "Eeeeeeee!
McLoughlin wanted something more subtle, with a "Gothic" resonance. Manfredini did not score The New Blood and Jason Takes Manhattan because of prior film engagements, but his scores from previous films were reused.
Manfredini's original music only filled half the film. Jason was "just the same thing". Jason —with Friday the 13th Part 3 being adapted twice.
In the alternate ending, Chris, who is in a canoe, hears her boyfriend Rick's voice and immediately runs back to the house. When she opens the door, Jason is standing there with a machete and kills her.
The book explains how Elias has Jason's body buried, instead of the planned cremation, after his death in The Final Chapter.
In , four young adult novels were released under the title of Friday the 13th. These stories focused on different people finding Jason's mask and becoming possessed by his spirit, but the actual character did not appear in the novels.
The novels were written by author Eric Morse and published in Jason and Jason X. One set was published under the Jason X title, while the second set used the Friday the 13th moniker.
The Jason X series consisted of four sequels to the adaptation. The first to be published was Jason X: The Experiment , which saw the government attempting to exploit Jason's indestructibility to create an army of "super soldiers".
Bardox and his crew as they try to clone a comatose Jason and stay alive when Jason awakens.
The Friday the 13th series of novels are not connected to the Jason X series and do not continue any story set forth by the films. Instead, each novel developed the character of Jason in its own way.
Friday the 13th: Church of the Divine Psychopath has Jason resurrected by a religious cult. Instead, she creates a virus that reanimates the dead into zombies.
The three-issue series was a condensed version of the film with a few added scenes. The story involves Jason stowing away aboard a train and eventually meeting Leatherface.
The two initially become friends, with Leatherface adopting Jason into the former's family. After a series of misunderstandings, Jason and Leatherface turn on each other.
On May 13, , New Line first exercised their rights to use the Friday the 13th moniker when they, along with Avatar comics, released a special issue of Friday the 13th.
Knowing that Jason caused the recent destruction, Laura, unknown to her brother, sets out to kill Jason with a paramilitary group so that she and her brother can sell the property.
The series was written by Brian Pulido, illustrated by Mike Wolfer and Andrew Dalhouse, and revolves around a group of teenagers who come to Camp Tomorrow, a camp that sits on Crystal Lake, for work and a "party-filled weekend".
The teenagers begin to discover that they share common family backgrounds and soon awaken Jason, who proceeds to kill them.
Picking up after the events of the Jason X film, Jason is now on Earth 2 where a bioengineer , Kristen, attempts to subdue him in hopes that she can use his regenerative tissue to save her own life and the lives of those she loves.
Jason X. The series was written and illustrated by Mike Wolfer. The story takes place after the events of the film Jason X , where a salvage team discovers the spaceship Grendel and awakens a regenerated Jason Voorhees.
The "original" Jason and Über-Jason, a version of Jason with mechanical limbs, are drawn into a battle to the death. In the comic, Jason is captured and experimented upon by the Trent Organization.
Jason escapes and seeks out Violet, the survivor of Friday the 13th: Bloodbath , whom the Trent Organization is holding in their Crystal Lake headquarters.
In December , WildStorm began publishing its own series of comic books under the Friday the 13th title.
The first set was a six-issue miniseries that involves Jason's return to Crystal Lake, a lone survivor's tale of the murder of her friends by a monster, a new revelation about the evil surrounding Crystal Lake, and the truth of what Jason embodies.
The two-issue comic book covers Pamela Voorhees' journey to Camp Crystal Lake and the story of her pregnancy with Jason as she recounts it to hitchhiker Annie, a camp counselor who is killed in the original film.
WildStorm released another comic book special, titled Friday the 13th: How I Spent My Summer Vacation , consisting of two issues that were released on September 12 and October 10, The comic book provides insight into the psychology of Jason Voorhees as he befriends a boy born with a skull deformity.
Jason , titled Freddy vs. Jason vs. Ash , starring the two aforementioned killers and Ash from the Evil Dead film series.
The story focuses on Freddy using the Necronomicon , which is in the basement of the Voorhees home, to escape from Jason's subconscious and "gain powers unlike anything he's had before".
Jason film in development before the former film had been theatrically released. After meeting with executives, the negotiations ended and the story was shelved.
Following the success of Freddy vs. Jason , the idea of including Ash was brought up again, but New Line ultimately decided they would put the story in comic book form and bring in James Kuhoric to write and Jason Craig to do the artwork.
It follows three hikers in the present and three fur trappers in the past, each of whom is snowed in by a blizzard at Crystal Lake.
Each group experiences similar events, suggesting that there is a connection between the two groups. The story involves a teenager named Maggie tricking her abusive boyfriend into travelling to Crystal Lake, where she plans to murder him, but she encounters Jason shortly after arriving at the camp.
Ash , subtitled The Nightmare Warriors , began. Written by Katz and James Kuhoric, and illustrated by Jason Craig, the miniseries has Ash and survivors of both Freddy and Jason banding together to defeat the two after Freddy is released from the world of the Deadites by government operatives who had discovered the Necronomicon.
The plot involved the player picking a " sanctuary " and attempting to persuade others to hide there. Jason is "disguised as a friend" until he decides to attack the player.
In the game, the player plays as one of the counselors at Camp Crystal Lake. While the staff is preparing the camp for its first summer weekend, an "unknown stalker" begins murdering each of them.
The player must discover the truth and escape the camp alive. This game was originally titled Slasher Vol.
Jason Voorhees was featured as a downloadable killer in the fighting game Mortal Kombat X. In , Screamin' Toys produced a model kit of Jason Voorhees.
Both kits are no longer in production. Apart from video games and toys, the series has also seen the release of its films' soundtracks.
In , Gramavision Records released a LP album of selected pieces of Harry Manfredini's scores from the first three films.
There have been two books released chronicling the making of the Friday the 13th films and one about making Friday the 13th: The Series - Curious Goods: Behind the Scenes of Friday the 13th: The Series.
David Grove, a film journalist who has written for Fangoria , Cinefantastique , and various other British magazines detailing the creation of the Friday the 13th films, wrote the comprehensive book, Making Friday the 13th: The Legend of Camp Blood.
Grove interviewed over "key personnel involved in making the films" to collect "detailed production histories of each of the 11 films", not including interviews with other film professionals like Wes Craven.
Grove's book also includes previously unseen production photos which were acquired from private collections. Eight months after the release of Grove's book, Titan Books , in association with Sparkplug Press, released a detailed history on the Friday the 13th series.
Peter M. The book chronicles the creation of the series up to the release of Freddy vs. Bracke spent three years researching the series and collecting more than interviews from the cast and crew of each of the films.
Bracke's extensive work for the book prompted Sean S. Cunningham to provide a foreword. Crystal Lake Memories also includes images, storyboards, concept art, and publicity material that had not been released to the public.
The film was broadcast on the Starz television channel during the first week of February,  and afterwards it was released on DVD on February 3, It also features interviews with journalists and other filmmakers who offer their opinion of the series.
In September , Farrands wrote and directed a second documentary film on the Friday franchise, Crystal Lake Memories: The Complete History of Friday the 13th , this time directly inspired by Bracke's book of the same name.
This documentary discusses each of the twelve films, from the original to the remake, as well as the television series. It is narrated by Corey Feldman , and also features interviews with key individuals in the franchise's history.
Farrands has suggested that his work on the well-received film, Never Sleep Again: The Elm Street Legacy , which documented the making of the Nightmare on Elm Street series, demonstrated the possibility for a documentary film that was more in depth and more comprehensive than his previous effort, His Name Was Jason.
In making such a film, Farrands turned to Bracke's book, which he had also worked on, and drew from its structure and content. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
American horror franchise. Paramount Pictures original Warner Bros. Main article: Friday the 13th: The Series. Friday the 13th theme.
Harry Manfredini's theme, used to identify the presence of the killer in the Friday the 13th film series. Archived from the original on Retrieved Archived from the original on March 11, Cunningham Director Friday the 13th DVD.
Friday the 13th: The Game is one of the most highly-anticipated horror titles of all time. Recent Reviews:.
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See All. About This Game Gameplay Friday the 13th: The Game is a third-person horror, survival game where players take on the role of a teen counselor, or for the first time ever, Jason Voorhees.
You and six other unlucky souls will do everything possible to escape and survive while the most well-known killer in the world tracks you down and brutally slaughters you.
Friday the 13th: The Game will strive to give every single player the tools to survive, escape or even try to take down the man who cannot be killed.
Each and every gameplay session will give you an entirely new chance to prove if you have what it takes not only to survive, but to best the most prolific killer in cinema history, a slasher with more kills than any of his rivals!
Meanwhile, Jason will be given an array of abilities to track, hunt and kill his prey. Stalk from the shadows, scare your targets and kill them when the time is right in as brutal a fashion as you can imagine.
Take control of the legendary killer that is Jason Voorhees and terrify those unfortunate enough to cross your path! Play as Jason Voorhees!
For the first time ever, you will have the opportunity to play as Jason Voorhees, the most famous killer in horror.
Stalk your prey, ambush them whenever you see fit and strike fear in the hearts of so many hapless victims as you become the legend himself!
Friday the 13th: The Game will include a variety of kills, new and familiar, that will help you set the tone for the Jason Voorhees that you want to be.
Jason will be equipped with a terrifying array of abilities, giving you the control of a hunter at the height of his game. These are his woods, and he knows them all too well.
Jason will not only feed off the fear of his victims, but will become stronger as the night progresses.
The darker the night, the more terrifying Jason becomes! The entire focus of Friday the 13th: The Game is multiplayer. Survival is entirely up to you, the player, as you either stealthily hide from Jason or work together as a team to escape or bring the fight to Jason.
Playing as a counselor is all about risk and reward, giving players multiple means of triumph over Jason!
Want to hide in the woods as you wait for the police? Perhaps you want to band together and try to take on Jason as a group?
Maybe you and a friend decide to fix the boat on the lake and escape while leaving everyone else to their fate?
There are endless opportunities to survive the night, but every choice has a consequence. Friday the 13th: The Game will continually set the pace of change, giving you unfamiliar surroundings while Jason Voorhees looks for his latest victim.
No single strategy will ever be reliable, forcing players to adapt and change each time they begin their long night in Camp Blood!
Be wary, you never know when or where Jason is going to strike! Play as the Counselors! We all remember the various tropes from Friday the 13th, and the game will be no exception!
Each counselor type will have strengths and weaknesses, affording players the chance to excel in certain situations.
Find the counselor that best suits your play style, or come up with various strategies to win against Jason! Players will have the chance to continually update and improve their characters through unlocks, customization and improvement!
The more you play, the more you adapt and become a better all-around counselor! Mirroring Camp Crystal Lake from the Friday the 13th series, players will try to survive not only in the iconic Camp Crystal Lake, but surrounding area.
Iconic locations from the movies, like Higgins Haven will also serve as stalking grounds for Jason and his prey. Players will be given a large, open area in which to explore as they attempt to hide from certain death!
Each gameplay session will fundamentally change the scenario, never affording players the opportunity to learn patterns or figure out where helpful items may be lying.Tom McLoughlin. Friday the 13th das Spiel hingegen konnte sich eine Zeit lang diesem Rechtsstreit entziehen. Click at this page Gorney. Home Filme Friday the 13th. Ted White. Visit web page wird Jason enttarnt wenn man ihn mit einer Waffe schlägt? Am Das könnte dich auch interessieren. Die Besten Horrorfilme. Ken Kirzinger.
In the lateth century, a New Yorker named Captain William Fowler sought to remove the enduring stigma surrounding the number 13—and particularly the unwritten rule about not having 13 guests at a dinner table—by founding an exclusive society called the Thirteen Club.
The group dined regularly on the 13th day of the month in room 13 of the Knickerbocker Cottage, a popular watering hole Fowler owned from to Four former U.
An important milestone in the history of the Friday the 13th legend in particular not just the number 13 occurred in , with the publication of the novel Friday, the Thirteenth written by Thomas William Lawson.
The book told the story of a New York City stockbroker who plays on superstitions about the date to create chaos on Wall Street, and make a killing on the market.
The horror movie Friday the 13th , released in , introduced the world to a hockey mask-wearing killer named Jason, and is perhaps the best-known example of the famous superstition in pop culture history.
The movie spawned multiple sequels, as well as comic books, novellas, video games, related merchandise and countless terrifying Halloween costumes.
On Friday, October 13, , officers of King Philip IV of France arrested hundreds of the Knights Templar , a powerful religious and military order formed in the 12th century for the defense of the Holy Land.
Imprisoned on charges of various illegal behaviors but really because the king wanted access to their financial resources , many Templars were later executed.
Some cite the link with the Templars as the origin of the Friday the 13th superstition, but like many legends involving the Templars and their history, the truth remains murky.
In more recent times, a number of traumatic events have occurred on Friday the 13th, including the German bombing of Buckingham Palace September ; the murder of Kitty Genovese in Queens, New York March ; a cyclone that killed more than , people in Bangladesh November ; the disappearance of a Chilean Air Force plane in the Andes October ; the death of rapper Tupac Shakur September and the crash of the Costa Concordia cruise ship off the coast of Italy, which killed 30 people January But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us!
Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. Some have suggested that its nasty reputation dates back to at least B.
Others claim that the ancient Sumerians, who The 13th Amendment to the U. Constitution, ratified in in the aftermath of the Civil War, abolished slavery in the United States.
Researchers estimate that at least 10 percent of the U. The Bermuda Triangle is a mythical section of the Atlantic Ocean roughly bounded by Miami, Bermuda and Puerto Rico where dozens of ships and airplanes have disappeared.
Unexplained circumstances surround some of these accidents, including one in which the pilots of a squadron of If any pair of investors had the financial clout and lack of scruples required to engineer the bedlam of Black Friday, it was Jay Gould and Jim Fisk.
The zombie, often portrayed as an undead, flesh-eating, decaying corpse, has enjoyed a popularity surge in recent years. Witches were perceived as evil beings by early Christians in Europe, inspiring the iconic Halloween figure.
On the contrary, the Dutch Centre for Insurance Statistics on 12 June stated that "fewer accidents and reports of fire and theft occur when the 13th of the month falls on a Friday than on other Fridays, because people are preventatively more careful or just stay home.
Statistically speaking, driving is slightly safer on Friday the 13th, at least in the Netherlands ; in the last two years, Dutch insurers received reports of an average 7, traffic accidents each Friday; but the average figure when the 13th fell on a Friday was just 7, In years which begin on the same day of the week and are of the same type that is, whether they are a common year or leap year , Friday the 13th occurs in the same months.
This sequence, given here for —, follows a year cycle from 1 March to 28 February Any month that starts on a Sunday contains a Friday the 13th, and there is at least one Friday the 13th in every calendar year.
There can be as many as three Friday the 13ths in a single calendar year; either in February, March and November in a common year starting on Thursday such as , or D , or January, April and July in a leap year starting on Sunday such as , or AG.
The longest period that occurs without a Friday the 13th is 14 months, either from July to September the following year being a common year starting on Tuesday F e.
The shortest period that occurs with a Friday the 13th is just one month, from February to March in a common year starting on Thursday D e.
Each Gregorian year cycle contains , days with 97 leap days or exactly 20, weeks. Therefore, each cycle contains the same pattern of days of the week and thus the same pattern of Fridays that are on the 13th.
The 13th day of the month is slightly more likely to be a Friday than any other day of the week. In the s, there were three Friday the 13ths in and , and two in , , and From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Redirected from Friday The 13th. This article is about the superstition. For the horror film franchise, see Friday the 13th franchise.
For other uses, see Friday the 13th disambiguation. Day in which the 13th of a month is on a Friday.
Retrieved 14 August Retrieved 13 July There were 13 people at the table at the Last Supper and the 13th was Jesus. The Last Supper was on a Thursday , and the next day was Friday , the day of crucifixion.
When '13' and Friday come together, it is a double whammy. Encyclopedia of Useless Information. Sourcebooks, Inc. In Christian tradition, fear of Friday the 13th stems from the day of the Crucifixion Friday and the number at the Last Supper Despite these origins, the Friday the 13th superstition dates back only to the Middle Ages.
National Geographic News. Retrieved 29 October Western Folklore. Lawson Thomas W. Lawson, Friday, the Thirteenth Retrieved 13 May Retrieved 26 March Greek Reporter.
Retrieved 31 October La Stampa in Italian. Archived from the original on 18 August Retrieved 31 March The Independent.
Retrieved 15 February Non in Italia" in Italian. Archived from the original on 8 June Corriere del Mezzogiorno.
Archived from the original on 29 April Retrieved Retrieved 9 January Live Science. Retrieved 13 April For starters, a study published in the British Medical Journal indicates otherwise.